Curriculum Vitae (CV) is an outline document that describes the details of a person when applying for a job. In usual term, it is also known as résumé. CV is mainly prepared and shown to the job providers for the purpose of job application by the job seekers. It also can be considered as a marketing tool as the candidates are required to prepare a good CV to ‘sell’ their skills, abilities, qualifications and experience to the employers. Often, there are two types of resumes can be prepared such as functional resume and chronological resume. Functional resume focuses on skills and experience which more suitable for job seekers who are changing careers, who has gaps in their employment history or whose work is not directly related to the job. While for the chronological resume, it is more common in used as it contains a career summary statement with a chronological listing of information along with related accomplishments. However, in order to attract and satisfy an employer, the candidates should prepare a CV in a proper form which is brief, detailed, adequate and non-overloaded of information.
Unfortunately, nowadays, most of the candidates and fresh graduates are unable to comply due to the lack of ideas in what should be involved, in order to add value to them for being hired. Therefore, most of the resumes were actually duplications of other people CV. Without making any corrections on the particulars, they could not able to describe themselves in a well manner. No matter what kind of resume it is, the formality and structure of the outline is essential to be arranged from personal information, education background, working experience as well as the other relevant information.
Firstly, the candidates should introduce himself with his personal information such as full name as per IC, IC no., career objective and summary, gender, race, religion, contact number, email address, current address, hometown, expected salary and also a formal passport-size photo. However, the common mistakes made by the candidates are lack of any of the particulars and unable to introduce himself well at the beginning of CV. Furthermore, most of them were mistakenly put their selfie photo into their resume instead of a formal photo. The employers will easily figure out whether the person is simply or intentionally to apply for jobs.
Next, the candidates should provide their education background from previous until the most recent qualifications. The details should involve of time frame, institution names, qualification titles, field of studies as well as the total results (total grades or total CGPA). The common mistakes made by the candidates are, they mentioned about the qualification without stating the range of time frame and the total results. Most of them did not realise that time frame is impliedly showing how long they took to finish their course and the period that shows their availability to apply jobs. While for the results, some of them may not have a good results in the past, therefore they tend to only show the good results for the employers. Actually, the things that the employers are demanding are linkage of study field with the job position and honesty in the resumes. Therefore, candidates should keep in mind and stand on the perspective of the employer when preparing their resumes.
Besides, the following point to be focused is working experience. For this part, the candidates should include all of their previous working experiences no matter it is in short term contract (in months), part time, full time, replacement, internship or even a temporary position. Although not all of the working experiences are related and linked with the job scopes, at least they can be considered to add value for the candidates themselves. However, most of the candidates failed to do so and skipped most of working experience in their resumes due to mistakenly thought that the temporary job does not add value. Eventually, it misled the employers think of the candidates are just purely waiting for the jobs at home without doing anything. In addition, the candidates also did not state their job scopes, reasons of leaving and salary range during their previous position was undertaken. The lack of information will not satisfy the employers’ requirements and understandings of the candidates’ previous jobs.
Last but not least, for the other relevant information, the candidates basically can provide details like spoken and written languages, computer knowledge or skills, extra curriculum and outdoor activities, and of course the referees information. This can be considered as a bonus part to let employers know that their achievements, knowledge, communication skills and referees who think the same and entrusted the candidates. For common mistakes, majority of the candidates may simply rate themselves with good value in order to draw attentions, but it ended up with false statements and disappointments during the job interview. Other than that, the candidates should never put their families or relatives as their referees as the employer may need to ask an independent person about the performance of the candidates.
In a nutshell, these above statements are the most important criteria to be achieved in order to prepare a good CV for an employer or job provider. With these information, the employer is able to save more time to allocate the suitable candidate into the right role at the right time without any wastage of talents or expertise in the future.